Then you are to clothe Aaron with the holy garments and anoint him and sanctify him so that he may minister as my priest.
[Exod 40:13 NET]
One feature of the high priest’s dress was very suggestive. On each shoulder, in the golden clasp that fastened together the two parts of the ephod, was an onyx stone, on which were engraved the names of six of the tribes of Israel. Thus, in an emblematic way, the high priest bore the people on his shoulder, the place of strength. He was a type of Christ; who thus Christ carries His people on His shoulder–bearing them and their burdens.
Another feature of this dress, was the breastplate which was worn by the high priest. It had in it twelve precious stones, with the names of the twelve tribes engraved on them. This the priest wore over his heart. When he went in before God, he thus represented all the people. He not only carried them on his shoulder, for support and upholding–but near his heart, for affection.
Just so does Christ carries His people in His heart–in deep, tender, unchanging love. Thus we are sure of both the strength and the love of Christ, are engaged for His people!